Below I included some background
information on the Iran-Contra affair, Page 1, 11-12 pertaining
to naming Donald Trump along with Ronald Reagan as a major
player in the Iran-Contra affair. Salem bin Laden, the older
brother to Osama Bin Laden
is alleged to have been involved in
the Iran-Contra Affair. The link mentioning Salem bin Laden
involvement in the Iran-Contra affair.
Stockwell - CIA's War on Humans
Aug 26, 2013 · Exclusive: CIA Files Prove America Helped Saddam as He Gassed Iran.
America’s military and intelligence communities knew about and did nothing to stop a series of nerve gas attacks far more devastating than anything Syria has seen, Foreign Policy has learned. In 1988, during the waning days of Iraq’s war with Iran
It was a grand scheme that violated American law and policy all around: Arms sales to Iran were prohibited; the U.S. government had long forbidden ransom of any sort for hostages; and it was illegal to fund the contras above the limits set by Congress.
The scandal was compounded when Oliver
North destroyed or hid pertinent documents between November 21
and November 25, 1986.
During North’s trial in 1989, (Video) his secretary, Fawn
Hall, testified extensively about helping North alter, shred,
and remove official United States National Security Council
(NSC) documents from the White House. According to the New York
Times, enough documents were put into a government shredder to
jam it. North’s explanation for destroying some documents
was to protect the lives of individuals involved in Iran and
Caspar Weinberger, Secretary of Defense, was indicted on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice on June 16, 1992. Weinberger received a pardon from George H. W. Bush on December 24, 1992, before he was tried.
Robert C. McFarlane, National Security Adviser, convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years of probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush.
Elliott Abrams, Assistant Secretary of State, convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush.
Alan D. Fiers, Chief of the CIA’s Central American Task Force, convicted of withholding evidence and sentenced to one year probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush.
Clair George, Chief of Covert Ops-CIA, convicted on two charges of perjury, but pardoned by President George H. W. Bush before sentencing.
Oliver North, member of the National Security Council convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, obstruction of a congressional inquiry, and destruction of documents, but the ruling was overturned since he had been granted immunity.
Apr 27, 2019 · Col. Oliver North, the president of the National Rifle Association, will leave his position at the end of his term
How does a convicted arms and drug runner even get a job that deals with arms in the USA. Where is the DEA?
Fawn Hall, Oliver North’s secretary, was given immunity from prosecution on charges of conspiracy and destroying documents in exchange for her testimony.
Jonathan Scott Royster, Liaison to Oliver North, was given immunity from prosecution on charges of conspiracy and destroying documents in exchange for his testimony.
National Security Advisor John Poindexter was convicted of five counts of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, perjury, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence. A panel of the D.C. Circuit overturned the convictions on November 15, 1991 by a vote of 2 to 1 and the Supreme Court refused to hear the case.
Duane Clarridge. An ex-CIA senior official, he was indicted in November 1991 on seven counts of perjury and false statements relating to a November 1985 shipment to Iran. Pardoned before trial by President George H. W. Bush.
Richard V. Secord. Former Air Force major general, who was involved in arms transfers to Iran and diversion of funds to Contras, he pleaded guilty in November 1989 to making false statements to Congress and was sentenced to two years of probation. As part of his plea bargain, Secord agreed to provide further truthful testimony in exchange for the dismissal of remaining criminal charges against him.
Albert Hakim. A businessman, he pleaded guilty in November 1989 to supplementing the salary of North by buying a $13,800 fence for North with money from “the Enterprise,” which was a set of foreign companies Hakim used in Iran-Contra. In addition, Swiss company Lake Resources Inc., used for storing money from arms sales to Iran to give to the Contras, plead guilty to stealing government property. Hakim was given two years of probation and a $5,000 fine, while Lake Resources Inc. was ordered to dissolve.
Oliver North and John Poindexter were indicted on multiple charges on March 16, 1988. North, indicted on 16 counts, was found guilty by a jury of three felony counts. The convictions were vacated on appeal on the grounds that North’s Fifth Amendment rights may have been violated by the indirect use of his testimony to Congress, which had been given under a grant of immunity. In 1990, Poindexter was convicted on several felony counts of conspiracy, lying to Congress, obstruction of justice, and altering and destroying documents pertinent to the investigation. His convictions were also overturned on appeal on similar grounds. Arthur L. Liman served as chief counsel for the Senate during the Iran–Contra Scandal.
The Independent Counsel, Lawrence E. Walsh, chose not to re-try North or Poindexter. In total, several dozen people were investigated by Walsh’s office.
During his election campaign in 1988,
Vice President Bush denied any knowledge of the Iran–Contra
affair by saying he was “out of the loop”.
Iran-Contra affair and convictions
See also: Foreign interventions by the United States and United States involvement in regime change in Latin America
In October 1986, a plane flown by Eugene
Hasenfus, carrying military equipment (And Drugs) intended for
the Contras, a right-wing rebel group fighting against the
socialist Sandinista government of Nicaragua, was shot down over
See also: http://dogsareloyal1s.com/us_policy.html
The Reagan administration publicly denied
that Hasenfus sought to arm the Contras as part of a US
government mission. However, the State Department was centrally
involved in the covert plan to fund the Contras, which violated
congressional legislation. In congressional testimony in October
1986, Abrams repeatedly and categorically denied that the US
government was involved in arming the Contras. However, at the
time, Abrams knew that "[Oliver] North was encouraging,
coordinating and directing the activities of the contra-resupply
operation and that North was in contact with the private
citizens who were behind the lethal resupply fights."
|Negotiations between Iran and the
US for more arms sales hit another snag, with the
Iranians merely releasing some American hostages and
kidnapping more (see
September 19, 1986). CIA Director William Casey
decides to reprise the earlier strategy of exhorting
Iraq to escalate its air strikes against Iran, thus
forcing Iran to turn to the US for more military aid
July 23, 1986).
Casey secretly meets with two high-level Iraqi officials, Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz and Iraq’s ambassador to the US, Nizaar Hamdoon, to urge that the Iraqis once again intensify their bombing runs deep into Iranian territory. The Iraqis comply. But the Iranians’ return to the bargaining table is complicated by the October 5 shooting down of a CIA transport plane in Nicaragua, and the capture by the Sandinistas of the lone survivor, a cargo hauler named Eugene Hasenfus, who tells his captors of the US involvement with the Nicaraguan Contras (see October 5, 1986).
During investigation of the
Iran-Contra Affair, Lawrence Walsh, the Independent Counsel
tasked with investigating the case, prepared multiple felony
counts against Abrams. In 1991, Abrams admitted that he knew
more than he acknowledged in his congressional testimony,
cooperated with Walsh and entered into a plea agreement
in which he pleaded guilty to two misdemeanor counts of
withholding information from Congress. For failing to cooperate,
he would have faced felony charges of perjury over his
congressional testimony. He was sentenced to a $50 fine,
probation for two years, and 100 hours of community service.
Abrams was pardoned by President George H. W. Bush in
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